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Ikat dyeing technique

"Abrbandi" is distinguished by the style of patterns, which has either indistinct, blurred contours and/or stripes of interchanging widths and colors. The silk "abrbands" produce is called "khan atlas" in honor of the Governor and means "the royal iridescent silk.

New attempts to produce this type of silk yielded each time new types of silk depending on the quality of raw materials (silk, cotton).

"Shoii" is silk made from a small amount of threads, but with unique effects of colors

"Adras" is made with the same high thread density as "khan atlas" but with addition of cotton for the weft

"Bekasam" is made in the same way as "adras," but with a cotton warp

Instead of dyeing the finished woven fabrics, "abrbands" were the first to dye the warp threads prior to weaving. This way of fabric dyeing and the silk itself are called "ikat". Nowadays ikat can be found in India, China, Indonesia, Thailand, and other Southeastern Asian countries.

The Uzbek silk is especially attractive for its harmonious colors, fineness, designs, and color combinations. Golden sands, green valleys, blue lakes, flaming sunsets, and flowering peach and apricot gardens are just some of the inspirations silk designers use to create famous Central Asian silks.

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Quilted articles or "kurak" are widespread in Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz kurak reflects the nomadic lifestyle. Wall hangings called "tush- kiiz," blankets-"toshok," shelves-"tekche," bags-"ayak kap" and small articles like kitchen gloves-"tutkuch" can be made using the kurak technique.

Kyrgyz kurak is a highly developed applied art. Women use materials such as cotton, velvet, and leather. There are different styles of kurak that represent the skills of the masters, traditions of different areas of Kyrgyzstan, and complicated composition (squares, triangles, etc).

"Kattama kurak" has a light combination of small rags sewn into coloful compositions

"Boru koz" or wolf eye

"Kara koz" or black eye

"Kerege ko" or lattice eye

"Karkyra kurak" or crane

"Chiy kurat" or stripes


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